• The version of MySQL you want to build. Find it in the repository.
  • The build tools
    • apt install build-essential -y
    • apt install cmake -y
  • Use git to clone the source code
    • apt install git -y
  • Use mysql to connect to the server
    • apt install mysql-client -y

Download the source code

I want to build the latest version MySQL 8.0.21, then run:

$ git clone --branch mysql-cluster-8.0.21 \
$ cd mysql-server                   

I only need this version so I clone a single branch.

Install Dependencies

For a full description, please refer to Source Installation Prerequisites.

To install all dependecies on Ubuntu, run:

apt update && \
    apt install libssl-dev libncurses5-dev pkg-config bison -y


Will be installed later with the CMake command.


apt get install libssl-dev


apt install libncurses5-dev


apt install pkg-config


apt install bison

Build & Install

$ mkdir bld
$ cd bld
$ cmake .. -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 -DWITH_BOOST=/any_path_you_like
$ make -j10 # thread you want to use
$ make install

Set User mysql

For the detail, see Create a mysql User and Group.

$ groupadd mysql
$ useradd -r -g mysql -s /bin/false mysql

Set Data Directory

$ # Postinstallation setup
$ cd /usr/local/mysql
$ mkdir mysql-files
$ chown mysql:mysql mysql-files
$ chmod 750 mysql-files

Initialize & Run

$ ./bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql \
      # this step will generate a random password and print it out
$ ./bin/mysql_ssl_rsa_setup
$ ./bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql &

See Troubleshooting Problems Starting the MySQL Server if you cannot get the server start.

A Possible Issue with Connection

I can get the server run without any error:

root@39d4ee9ee7de:/usr/local/mysql# ps aux              
root           1  0.0  0.0  34892 19808 pts/0    Ss   09:05   0:00 /bin/bash
root       47607  0.0  0.0   4628  1700 pts/0    T    11:14   0:00 /bin/sh ./bin/mysqld_safe --user=mysql --verbose
mysql      47693  0.4  0.1 2610440 289408 pts/0  Sl   11:14   0:02 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --dat
root       47868  0.0  0.0  34404  2860 pts/0    R+   11:23   0:00 ps aux

However, I cannot connect to the server via mysql client:

root@39d4ee9ee7de:/usr/local/mysql# mysql
ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock' (2)

After checking Troubleshooting Problems Connecting to MySQL, I found that I have try to connect to the wrong socket:

root@39d4ee9ee7de:/usr/local/mysql# netstat -ln | grep mysql
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     563859719 /tmp/mysql.sock
unix  2      [ ACC ]     STREAM     LISTENING     563864785 /tmp/mysqlx.sock

Try connecting with the correct socket:

root@39d4ee9ee7de:/usr/local/mysql# mysql --socket /tmp/mysql.sock -p
Enter password:

Hooray! It works now!!!